Status: Declared Noxious Weed (Regionally Controlled), Weed of National Significance.
Threat: High threat environmental weed.
Description: Bushy upright shrub to three metres high. Often forms dense, extensive infestations which may smother virtually all other vegetation in the area, including threatened orchids in some places.
Flowers: Bright yellow daisy flowers with four to eight petals in loose clusters at branch tips in spring.
Fruits: Green berries in summer turning to black when ripe. Hard, bone-coloured seeds.
Leaves: Dull green oval to paddle-shaped leaves up to 7.5cm long, fleshy. Edges shallow toothed. Seedling and young leaves light green with soft white cobweb like down. Mature leaves darker and firm.
Stems: Soft, woody and springy. Certain plants may form trunk to 10cm diameter covered with pale greyish bark.
Roots: Woody, shallow with no distinct taproot.
Note: Invades coastal environments and bushland. Fruits spread by birds, foxes, and in soil. Seeds long lived in soil and will germinate after fire or soil disturbance.
Similar indigenous species: When not in flower similar to native Myoporum species and Hop Goodenia (Goodenia ovata) when small.
Control measures: Hand weeding, spot spraying, cut and paint with suitable herbicide, slashing or mowing.
Dispersal: Animals, Machinery, Water, Seeds.